Oceanographic research in Greece dates back to the late 1930s, but until the mid 1980s it mostly involved activities in the coastal environment. The Institute of Oceanography was established in 1985 as one of the three institutes of the National Centre for Marine Research (NCMR). During the 1990s the Institute of Oceanography (I.O.) expanded rapidly, both in terms of activities and personnel as a result of its increased involvement in multidisciplinary projects from the European Commission as well as more applied national projects. The Institute, now in a very competitive position in European marine research and plays a leading role in the eastern Mediterranean.
Welcome to the Institute of Marine Biological Resources and Inland Waters IMBRIW pursues science-based conservation and management of aquatic ecosystems; it provides scientific guidance to decision makers and supports public awareness and education for conserving marine and inland water environments. Greece's largest public research institute focusing on marine and inland water ecosystems.
The Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR) was established in 2003 by the presidential decree 164/2003 by merging the Institute of Marine Biology of Crete (IMBC), with the National Center for Marine Research (NCMR). The Institute of Marine Biology, Biotechnology and Aquaculture (IMBBC) is one of the three institutes of HCMR. It is based on the premises of HCMR in Crete (Thalassokosmos). The institute was created by the merging of the Institute for Aquaculture (IA) with Institute for Marine Biology and Genetics (IMBG) in 2012.