Ιστορία

Το Ελληνικό Κέντρο Θαλασσίων Ερευνών έχει στόχο να φέρει εις πέρας επιστημονικές και τεχνολογικές έρευνες και πειραματική ανάπτυξη, διάδοση και εφαρμογή των παραγόμενων αποτελεσμάτων, ειδικότερα στα πεδία της μελέτης και της προστασίας της υδρόσφαιρας, τους οργανισμούς της, την αλληλεπίδρασή της με την ατμόσφαιρα, τις ακτές και το βυθό της θάλασσας, τις φυσικές, χημικές, βιολογικές και γεωλογικές συνθήκες

History

History_photoΣτην Ελλάδα, η θάλασσα πάντα ήταν μια πηγή ενδιαφέροντος όπως επίσης και πόρων, από τα αρχαία Μινωικά χρόνια, όπως μπορεί να γίνει αντιληπτό από τις τοιχογραφίες και τις νωπογραφίες στη Σαντορίνη και στο παλάτι της Κνωσσού, τις καταγεγραμμένες διδαχές των Ιόνιων φιλοσόφων και τα επιστημονικά γραπτά του μεγάλου φιλοσόφου Αριστοτέλη. Αυτό το ενδιαφέρον έχει παραμείνει ζωντανό και επίκαιρο μέχρι σήμερα. 
rhodes-aquariumΤο 1912 η Ελληνική Κυβέρνηση αποφάσισε να λάβει υπόψη της την πιθανότητα να εγκαθιδρύσει ένα ινστιτούτο θαλάσσιας έρευνας και, σαν μέρος της διαδικασίας, συμβουλεύτηκε τον Ιταλό ειδικό Καθηγητή D. Vinciguerra, Διευθυντή του Ιχθυολογικού Σταθμού στη Ρώμη. Ακολουθώντας κάποιες από τις προτάσεις του, το πρώτο Ελληνικό Ινστιτούτο Θαλάσσιας Έρευνας, ο Θαλάσσιος Υδροβιολογικός Σταθμός, δημιουργήθηκε το 1914, και βρίσκεται στο Παλαιό Φάληρο. Πολύ σύντομα μετά από την εγκαθίδρυσή του, οι πρώτες μελέτες στην αλιεία και στη θαλάσσια βιολογία ξεκίνησε το 1915. Από το 1948 δόθηκε στο σταθμό ένα καινούριο όνομα, το Εργαστήριο Μελέτης της Αλιείας και εντάχθηκε υπό τη διοικητική μέριμνα του Υπουργείου Γεωργίας. 
In 1945, after the Second World War, the Hellenic Hydrobiological Institute of the Academy of Athens was founded in Piraeus, incorporating the Hydrobiological Station in Rhodes (Reale Istituto di Ricerche Biologiche) which had been set up by the Italians during their occupation of the Dodecanese. In the same year the small vessel GLAUKI was refitted as a research vessel and in 1946 the three first Greek oceanographic cruises were carried out. However, in 1948 the R/V GLAUKI was replaced by the R/V HALCYON. 
In 1965 the Hydrobiological Institute of the Academy of Athens was amalgamated with the Laboratory of Fisheries Studies, forming a new body, the Institute of Oceanographic and Fisheries Research (IOFR), which became fully functional in 1970. Fifteen years later, in 1985, as a result of new research legislation (law 1514), the National Centre for Marine Research (NCMR) was established. The latter organisation had evolved from the previous one (IOFR) although it was now a public sector organisation under the jurisdiction of the General Secretariat of Research and Technology, part of the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Technology (now the Ministry of Development). The NCMR thus became the main vehicle of marine research in Greece. 
During the same year, 1985, the ocean-going R/V AEGAEO was built in Chalkida, purpose-built for carrying out marine research. In 1987, further progress was made with the establishment of the Institute of Marine Biology of Crete (IMBC) in Heraklion, Crete. IMBC rapidly developed and with the R/V PHILIA, during the past years played an important role in the areas of marine biology, fishing and aquaculture. The integration of NCMR and IMBC took place on June 3, 2003, consequent upon enactment of Presidential decree (law 2919/25.6.2001). The new organisation, a public sector body operating under public sector regulations, is called the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR). The Cretaquarium in Heraklion Crete, opened in December 2005, consisting of one of the biggest Aquariums in Europe, offering a spectacular view to the underwater world of the Mediterranean Sea. 
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History_photoIn Greece, the sea has always been a source of interest as well as of resources, ever since ancient Minoan times, as can be seen from the murals and frescoes in Santorini and the palace at Knossos, the recorded teachings of the Ionian Philosophers and the scientific writings of the great philosopher Aristotle.

This interest has remained alive and fresh to this very day.

 

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rodosIn 1912 the Greek Government decided to consider the possibility of establishing a marine research institute and, as part of the process, consulted Italian expert Professor D. Vinciguerra, Director of the Ichthyological Station in Rome. Following some of his suggestions, the first Greek Marine Research Institute, the Marine Hydrobiological Station, was created in 1914, located in Paleo Faliron.

Very soon after its establishment, the first studies in fisheries and marine biology commenced in 1915. By 1948 the station was given a new name, the Laboratory of Fisheries Studies and came under the direction of the Ministry of Agriculture.

03

In 1945, after the Second World War, the Hellenic Hydrobiological Institute of the Academy of Athens was founded in Piraeus, incorporating the Hydrobiological Station in Rhodes (Reale Istituto di Ricerche Biologiche) which had been set up by the Italians during their occupation of the Dodecanese. In the same year the small vessel GLAUKI was refitted as a research vessel and in 1946 the three first Greek oceanographic cruises were carried out. However, in 1948 the R/V GLAUKI was replaced by the R/V HALCYON.

04

In 1965 the Hydrobiological Institute of the Academy of Athens was amalgamated with the Laboratory of Fisheries Studies, forming a new body, the Institute of Oceanographic and Fisheries Research (IOFR), which became fully functional in 1970. Fifteen years later, in 1985, as a result of new research legislation (law 1514), the National Centre for Marine Research (NCMR) was established. The latter organisation had evolved from the previous one (IOFR) although it was now a public sector organisation under the jurisdiction of the General Secretariat of Research and Technology, part of the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Technology (now the Ministry of Development). The NCMR thus became the main vehicle of marine research in Greece.

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